High uric acid in the body can cause multiple diseases
Uric acid is waste produced when the human body absorbs food nutrients and undergoes metabolism. The kidneys filter these wastes out of the blood and excrete them through urine. However, sometimes uric acid also accumulates in the blood. Excessive uric acid can form crystals in joints and tissues, which can cause inflammation and pain. In addition to genetics, environmental factors generally cause hyperuricemia. For example, people with metabolic syndrome, excessive drinking, high purine content in food, and excessive use of diuretics.
Many recent clinical studies have shown that high levels of uric acid in the blood are closely related to cardiovascular disease, endocrine, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease. Gout commonly referred to by ordinary people is just the “tip of the iceberg” of the harm caused by high uric acid.
In detail, if the blood uric acid content increases by 60 umol/L, the risk of new-born diabetes increases by 17%, the risk of hypertension increases by 81%, the overall incidence of coronary heart disease increases by 9%, and the risk of death from coronary heart disease increases by 16%. This is especially true in female patients. Patients with hyperuricemia have a 22% increased risk of cerebral hemorrhage and a 33% increase in death risk from a cerebral hemorrhage.
If high levels of uric acid are found during the physical examination, it may indicate kidney disease. Because the kidneys generally filter the waste products in the body, including uric acid, if the kidneys are diseased, the function of the renal pelvis will be impaired, so instead of being excreted, uric acid will accumulate in the blood.
The most common problem associated with high uric acid levels in gout. Patients feel pain or swelling in the joints, feel hot in the joints, shiny skin around the joints, and sometimes even discoloration. The patient’s urine is cloudy at night, smells unusual or bloody, and smells of nausea or vomiting.